Our children, “managed” out of mainstream schools and denied support

Our children, "managed" out of mainstream schools and denied support

In just 11 astonishing days, the denial of young people’s rights to education, health and care in England has been completely exposed. Evidence of young people being hidden away from their communities, removed from the mainstream, refused the support to which they are entitled and ultimately placed in serious danger has been building and has now burst into the open.

Last Tuesday we covered in some detail the DfE survey showing that parents of children with SEND were twice as likely as other parents to have complained and moved their child to another school. The figures included:

  • Fewer than a third of parents of children with SEND felt ‘fully involved in the decisions about the support the school/college gives my child’ – which was the whole point of the SEND reform three years ago
  • Pupils without SEND were almost three times as likely to have thought about their future after school than those with SEND
  • Pupils with SEND were almost twice as likely to drop out of education at the age of 16.

Lenehan Review

On Thursday, the Department of Health published a review led by Dame Christine Lenehan, Director of the Council for Disabled Children, triggered by concern about the care, support and treatment provided to the group of children and young people with complex needs (and behaviour that challenges) involving mental health problems and learning disabilities and/ or autism. It followed several high profile cases, including the utterly preventable death of Connor Sparrowhawk, who drowned in a bath at an Assessment & Treatment Unit managed by Southern Health Trust.

Dame Christine Lenehan
Dame Christine Lenehan

Speaking of similar reviews in 1997 and 2004, Dame Christine says, “We didn’t get it right then. We haven’t got it right now.” She describes some in-patient units for young people with mental health needs and disabilities as, “a place of last resort” used for, “warehousing, they act as the long stay hospitals that I thought we had left behind.”

Additional factors contributing to the needs of these young people are identified as:

  • Communication difficulties
  • Limited coping strategies and social skills
  • Coexistent disorders
  • Neurodevelopmental disorder – notably ASD and ADHD
  • Psychiatric disorder – emotional disorder and psychosis
  • Physical health problems – epilepsy, immunological difficulties, sleep disorders
  • Child abuse (exposure to violence including bullying, abuse and neglect)
  • Out-of-home care (e.g. fostering, institutional placement)
  • Socioeconomic deprivation
  • Inadequate educational provision and supportive services (e.g. a lack of local residential projects, such as respite provision and residential schooling)
  • A remote, rural population
  • Adverse life events

Send in your evidence

But it’s not as if these needs were unknown, as Dame Christine said, This is not a group of children and young people that is ignored by Government programmes and priorities. The challenge is that everybody’s business becomes no-one’s priority. These children need to become our children.”

Dame Christine is seeking evidence to inform her review into the experiences and outcomes of children and young people in residential special schools and colleges (including non-maintained and independent special schools). She would like to receive evidence about:

  • the characteristics of the children and young people currently in residential special schools and colleges;
  • how and why these children and young people come to be placed in residential special schools and colleges;
  • the pattern of provision across the country and how it is commissioned and procured;
  • what good quality support looks like for these children and young people, both pre- and post-placement (including the role of early intervention, family support and community services);
  • the experiences and outcomes of these children and young people and their families, and how these can be improved;
  • how schools and colleges are supported to meet the needs of these children and young people by all agencies;
  • how effectively the workforce in residential special schools and colleges meets the needs of these children and young people; and
  • destinations for these children and young people.

You can submit your evidence to Dame Christine Lenehan here.

But it gets worse... yes, it's possible

In the same week I was contacted by Martin Vickers MP who confirmed to me that the Department for Education is preparing a consultation on the admission to mainstream schools of children and young people with autism. This follows his meeting with Ed Timpson, the Minister for Vulnerable Children and Families.

And then, the bombshell:

Yesterday afternoon, the research group Education Datalab unleashed a shocking report showing how pupils have been pushed out of mainstream schools under the nose of the DfE, especially pupils with SEND and especially from ‘sponsored’ Academies (those which joined a Multi-Academy Trust).

The researcher, Philip Nye, used the DfE’s own data to find out what happens to those children (mentioned in the pupil survey above) with low attainment who are ‘managed out’ of their mainstream school because they are likely to lower the school’s performance rating. This is what Nye found:

  • “Outcomes for all groups of pupils who leave the roll of a mainstream school are poor, with only around 1% of children who leave to state alternative provision or a special school, and 29% of those who leave to a university technical college (UTC) or studio school, achieving five good GCSEs;
  • There exists a previously unidentified group of nearly 20,000 children who leave the rolls of mainstream secondary schools to a range of other destinations for whom outcomes are also very poor, with only 6% recorded as achieving five good GCSEs;
  • There is wide variation in leaver numbers observed from mainstream schools. In some schools, the number of pupils who have been on-roll but leave at some point between Year 7 and Year 11 is more than 50% of the number of pupils who complete their secondary education at the school;
  • Pupils leaving can have a very flattering impact on the league table results of a school – with GCSE pass rates up to 17 percentage points lower in some cases if league tables are re-weighted to include all pupils who received some of their education there, in proportion to how much time they spent there;
  • Sponsored academies tend to 'lose' more pupils after they becoming an academy. No such trend is true of converter academies.”

The report concludes:

“Broadly speaking, secondary school league tables are about who’s left on-roll in the January of pupils’ Year 11 year.”

This is what we have been saying all along: In fact, when Professor of Critical Disability Studies & Psychology at Manchester Metropolitan University, Katherine Runswick-Cole, and I met with Sean Harford, Ofsted’s National Director of Schools, back in January 2015, this is exactly what we told him.

It’s what parents tell us all the time: certain types of school are very effective at pushing out children with special needs, without even going through the exclusion process. They don’t want them, they don’t help them, and – as Nye’s report, “Who’s Left?”, demonstrates – they don’t keep them.

Yet, as Christine Lenehan says, these are our children. And these are tomorrow's adults. We need to think carefully about that.

Sign up for SNJ new post alerts

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Barney Angliss, @AspieDeLaZouch
Follow me

Barney Angliss, @AspieDeLaZouch

SEND Consultant at ADLZ Insight
Barney Angliss runs his own consultancy in Special Educational Needs & Disability (ADLZ Insight Limited), having worked as a mainstream SENCo, Deputy Head of a Pupil Referral Unit and Local Authority SEND manager. Barney has Asperger's Syndrome and tweets as @aspiedelazouch. Barney can be contacted at [email protected]
Barney Angliss, @AspieDeLaZouch
Follow me
  • Philip Antony Bevington

    Well finally it’s out. But will it be believed and more importantly, will anything change ? Doubtful. In a recent letter to the Prime Minister Teresa May MP that I wrote I got a total denial of the above. My child was ‘managed’ out of her Academy aged 13 and ignored by LA for three years and in my County (Cornwall) even now this behaviour continues. So my hopes for a change in the light of this report are seriously limited.

  • Philip Antony Bevington

    So will this report make any difference ? Somehow I doubt it. recently I wrote to the Prime Minister Teresa May MP about just this matter. The response I got was a total denial,’ many parents are satisfied’. In the face of this sort of response what hope for change in the future ? Little I am afraid.

  • Planet Autism

    And yet even when autistic children have high IQs and are very academically able, schools continue to deny and/or fail to recognise their difficulties until the child’s mental health suffers and they drop out of school through school-refusal or mental health becoming so severe. If schools put in the right support, or the right school environments were available for autistic children, they could have these children excel and contribute to their precious league tables. It’s not only about the children struggling to achieve what the schools deem an acceptable level. There are autistic children capable of much whose difficulties mean they are not achieving potential. It’s appalling how the education system currently fails these children.

  • Debbie Russell

    At my son’s last school a multi-academy, I requested a key safe for his locker. This was because he kept loosing his key causing him much anxiety and a reluctance to go into school, cost £7.50, I even offered to pay for it. Replacement locker keys costing me as a parent five pounds each time.This was declined as it was unfair to other pupils, other pupils by the way who didn’t have complex learning disabilities or a statement. It was referred to the Head Teacher who declined it siting budgetary restraints, (I offered to pay still a no). I believe that anything that would have encouraged my son to stay at that school would not be done, instead it was better for their results if he became disheartened and left which was exactly what happened.

  • bob

    Sadly, I think instead of being supportive, this report will probably make the families who have been pushed to HE a target and an agenda to ‘get them back to school’, regardless of the families or children best interest. :/

  • A TA used the F word at my son last week in a special school! She’s admitted it! But now she’s left – it was on her final week she thought she would use the F word at my son! I’m disgusted with the behaviour – this is what our children are being subjected to! It’s no wonder he doesn’t respect teachers – he has ASD/PDA & Severe Anxiety!